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How did rome retain power in a europe controlled by germanic kings?

How did Rome retain power in a Europe controlled by Germanic kings? Get the answers you need, now! kbpfgd0215 kbpfgd0215 04/30/2020 History Middle School How did Rome retain power in a Europe controlled by Germanic kings? 1 See answer kbpfgd0215 is waiting for your help. Add your answer and earn points. giannarose22 giannarose22 -Goths, Vandals. Answer: 2 question How did Rome retain power in a Europe controlled by Germanic kings? - the answers to estudyassistant.co Through client kings, the Roman Empire created a balance in which they maintained their multilateral relationships with the client kingdoms but they also made sure that their authority was felt by the client kings by granting them limited and fickle power. The powerful and well known Roman army was another key factor in maintaining the empire Rome controlled Europe, because Rome had been the only organization that Europe had ever known. what did the Germanic kings get out of this. The church was the only institution that could save a person in Europe, the power of salvation

The Germanic people were a diverse group of migratory tribes with common linguistic and cultural roots who dominated much of Europe during the Iron Age. When the Roman Empire lost strength during the 5th century, Germanic peoples migrated into Great Britain and Western Europe, and their settlements became fixed territories Germanic peoples lived in great cities administered by a central government. B. Germanic peoples were mostly traders, so they traveled throughout Europe. C. Germanic kings were chosen by single combat between warriors. D. Germanic peoples lived in small communities governed by unwritten customs In 962, Otto I became the first Holy Roman Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, the medieval German state. In the Late Middle Ages, the regional dukes, princes, and bishops gained power at the expense of the emperors

How did Rome retain power in a Europe controlled by

The power of secular rulers grew throughout Europe. Germanic tribes taught the Latin alphabet to parish priests. Monasteries reflected the move away from Greco-Roman culture. The roles of the church and rulers were interconnected The Holy Roman Empire was a loosely joined union of smaller kingdoms which held power in western and central Europe between A.D. 962 and 1806. It was ruled by a Holy Roman Emperor who oversaw local regions controlled by a variety of kings, dukes, and other officials. The Holy Roman Empire was an attempt to resurrect the Western empire of Rome The Power of the Popes & Kings In the later Middle Ages, popes and many European kings gained more power and controlled the European society. The Popes were believed to be God's representative on Earth and so, he had power over everyone. The pope will decide everything about the church and could punish anyone who offended it Rome was now the major hegemonic power in the Mediterranean region. Over the next century, it cemented its status by conquering coastal territory in the modern-day countries of Greece, Turkey,.. Origins of Rome. As legend has it, Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war. Left to drown in a basket on the Tiber by a king of nearby Alba Longa and.

19th-century illustration of Romulus Augustulus resigning the Roman crown to Odoacer; from an unknown source. Public Domain/Wikimedia. In his masterwork, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, historian Edward Gibbon selected 476 CE, a date most often mentioned by historians. That date was when Odoacer, the Germanic king of the Torcilingi, deposed Romulus Augustulus, the last Roman emperor. Rome's first major contact with Germanic people came in the late 2nd Century BC when members of the Cimbri and Teutoni tribes wandered en masse into Southern Europe and Gallia. These migrations were neither simple warrior-raids nor armies on the march, as the Romans were accustomed to, but the complete relocation of entire tribes of people

The building of an enormous empire was Rome's greatest achievement. Held together by the military power of one city, in the 2nd century ce the Roman Empire extended throughout northern Africa and western Asia; in Europe it covered all the Mediterranean countries, Spain, Gaul, and southern Britain As the power of the German kings grew, so did the power of the pope. Kings fought for control of Italian city-states, while the pope fought for power within the secular world

  1. The title King of the Romans, used in the Holy Roman Empire, was, from the coronation of Henry II, considered equivalent to King of Germany. A king was chosen by the German electors and would then proceed to Rome to be crowned emperor by the pope
  2. Old English is a Germanic language; modern English today is still a Germanic-based language. In lands that the Romans had never conquered, Scotland or Ireland, Celtic languages were spoken instead. This fundamental linguistic change did not occur elsewhere in the western half of the Roman Empire
  3. Dark ages. In September 476 AD, the last Roman emperor of the west, Romulus Augustulus, was deposed by a Germanic prince called Odovacar, who had won control of the remnants of the Roman army of.
  4. They rose to power in Rome, just as the church did. C. What important victory did one founder of the Carolingians achieve? He convinced all Europeans to convert to Christianity. He won the title of first warrior king of France. He fought to make Spain the most powerful country in Europe. He defeated a Muslim invasion from Spain. D
  5. The Frankish-Carolingian Empire: From the Roman West to Western Europe. As we've seen, the Germanic kingdoms that carved up the Western Roman between the 400s and the 600s adopted elements of Roman culture. They converted to Christianity and recognized the authority of the Roman church. Their kings and elites spoke Latin, and Latin became the.

Franks - The Franks were a number of Germanic tribes that settled in the region that is today the country of France (France gets its name from the Franks). They began invading the borders of the Roman Empire around 300 AD. The Franks truly became powerful after the fall of the Western Roman Empire and would eventually become one of the leading empires in Western Europe History of Europe - History of Europe - The Frankish ascendancy: In the late 5th and early 6th centuries, Clovis (c. 466-511), the warrior-leader of one of the groups of peoples collectively known as the Franks, established a strong independent monarchy in what are now the northern part of France and the southwestern part of Belgium. He expanded into southern Gaul, driving the Visigoths. The Power of the Purse: Although indeed the Pope and the Church were not exactly military men, the Church controlled massive amounts of wealth in Medieval Europe, accumulated through tribute, tithes, indulgences, and bequeathals and gifts that accumulated to the extent that the Church was the largest landowner in Europe and controlled vast stores of treasure, sequestered away in the Rome.

From that moment forward, the Holy Roman Empire lost its splendor, though this did not keep it from recovering a key role in the history of Europe, as occurred during the era of Charles V (1519-1558), or during the reign of Maria Theresa's husband, Francis I (1745-1765). 26 It would survive until 1806, when it was dissolved by Francis II. Apart from some local tensions, the German rulers allowed their Roman subjects to keep practicing their Catholic faith, and they respected the status of bishops as leaders of the Catholic communities. The kings of the Franks were the notable exception to this The Western Roman Empire (or, officially, the Roman Empire) was the western division of the Roman Empire from its division by the Emperor Diocletian in 285; the western and eastern divisions each later split evenly into ten. The groundwork for the establishment of a united West is often accredited with the date of 312, when Constantine reunited the Western provinces. The East, broken into the. The Roman Empire was the largest in the ancient world and at its height controlled the land around the Mediterranean and most of continental Europe, with the exception of modern-day Germany, Denmark, and Russia. The incipient Roman Empire led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the accession of Octavian (better known by his posthumous title. Kings would contract with some of their chief nobles to raise, maintain and command a body of troops (who could do this quite easily from the inhabitants of their fiefs) to serve in the royal army. These would be paid for from the royal purse. This was a system open to wide abuse, but it did provide kings with the professional armies they needed

How Did the Roman Empire Maintain Its Power? - 1533 Words

The Roman Empire was created by two itinerant brothers, Romulus and Remus, and their pals. Courageous and united, these were able to get some land but lacked women. Rejected by men from neighboring tribes when they asked them for wives, they took them by force. They had a right to a future, upheld it, and secured it by beating the other tribes Charles V 1500-1558 King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor. Charles V became the most powerful monarch of his day, ruling over an empire that included what is now Spain, Germany, the Netherlands, parts of Italy and central Europe, and large areas in the Americas.He spent much of his reign trying to reform the Roman Catholic Church and fighting the two greatest threats to its power: Islam and.

The Power of the Purse: Although indeed the Pope and the Church were not exactly military men, the Church controlled massive amounts of wealth in Medieval Europe, accumulated through tribute, tithes, indulgences, and bequeathals and gifts that accumulated to the extent that the Church was the largest landowner in Europe and controlled vast stores of treasure, sequestered away in the Rome. The name Ostrogoths means roughly the eastern Goths. Visigoth did not mean western Goths but, in effect, that is what they became. Besides the Goths the other eastern Germanic tribes were the Vandals, the Gepids, the Burgundians and the Lombards, names that appear in the later history of western Europe far from their original homelands A turning point for the Catholic church in Europe was the Roman Empire's transformation into the Holy Roman Empire, accomplished through a Roman pope and a German emperor. According to The Catholic Encyclopedia , Real German history begins with Charlemagne (768-814)

The Longobards did not have a centralized government structure and their kings had only a nominal power over the local dukes (the country was divided into 36 duchies, e.g. Cividale and Brescia): the unity of Italy was broken and never restored for the following thirteen centuries. The Longobards never captured Rome, but they raided its. The Carolingian Dynasty ruled the Franks, a Germanic tribe, in Western Europe for about 200 years, from AD 751 to 987. Unlike modern nations in which an election or a sudden coup d'état marks clear boundaries between rulers or administrations, during the Middle Ages it often took years (even two or three generations) for one family or dynasty to decline and another to come to the fore

GERMANIC TRIBESGermanic peoples had begun to move into the lands of theRoman Empire by the 3rd century C.E.After years of decline, the Western Roman Empire fell,replaced by a number of separate states ruled by Germankings.By 500, Germanic peoples had settled throughout Europe: Visigoths in Spain Ostrogoths in Italy Angles and Saxons in Britain. The Julio-Claudians, Roman nobles with an impressive ancestry, maintained Republican ideals and wished to involve the Senate and other Roman aristocrats in the government. This, however, eventually led to a decline in the power of the Senate and the extension of imperial control through equestrian officers and imperial freedmen

For 500 years, much of Europe was part of the Roman Empire. The rest of the continent was controlled by groups of people the Romans called barbarians because they did not follow Roman ways. When Rome fell to invading barbarians in 476 C.E., Europe was left with no central government or system of defense By 800 he was the ruler of Western Europe and had control of present-day France, Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, and parts of Austria and Spain. Key Terms. Carolingian Dynasty: An empire during the late medieval realm of the Franks, ruled by the Carolingian family, a Frankish noble family to which Charlemagne belonged In 751 AD, Rome was sieged by the Lombards. Previously, the city had been part of the Byzantine Empire. In 756 AD, Pepin the Short, King of the Franks, invaded Italy, freeing Rome from the Lombards and giving large regions of Italy to the Pope. This is how the Papal States arouse and gave the papacy a power it had not yet had The Germanic tribes seem to have originated in a homeland in southern Scandinavia (Sweden and Norway, with the Jutland area of northern Denmark, along with a very narrow strip of Baltic coastline).They had been settled here for over two thousand years following the Indo-European migrations. The Germanic ethnic group began as a division of the western edge of late proto-Indo-European dialects.

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The Germanic Tribes Boundless World Histor

Rome and its culture did not disappear overnight, and it took centuries really for various Germanic peoples to migrate into Europe and change it. This period of gradual transformation in the West - a slow blending of Roman civilization, Germanic culture, and Christianity - was part of the larger Mediterranean-wide period called Late. Christianity In The Middle Ages. May 23, 2012 by Simon Newman. The church became dominant in Europe following the fall of the Roman Empire. The only religion recognized in Middle Ages Europe was Christianity and specifically Catholicism. Christianity in the middle ages dominated the lives of both peasants and the nobility

Roman Empire. territory controlled by ancient Rome. The Romans built up their empire through conquest or annexation between the 3rd century BC and the 3rd century AD. At its height, the Roman Empire stretched from north-western Europe to the Near East and encompassed all the lands of the Mediterranean Rome was founded c. 500 bc. By 200 bc, it ruled most Italy, and in 150 bc, it conquered Carthage, the greatest power of the western Mediterranean at the time. By 150 bc, only three cities had over 100,000 people: Antioch, Alexandria, and Rome. By 44 bc, Rome would rule them all

strongest kings of Germany. He defeated the Magyars and freed the pope from the control of Roman nobles. To reward Otto, the pope named him Roman emperor in 962. Germanic Ruler Accomplishments Clovis Became a Christian in 496 Charles Martel Stopped invasion of Muslims in 732 Charlemagne United Europe in one empire; crowned Roman emperor by pop Napoleon's coronation did not on its own end the pope's influence over world politics, but it symbolized that decline after centuries of vast papal authority over Europe. When the Roman Empire. The history of Rome is long and complex: a village grew into the Eternal City that's still a wonder today; a monarchy became a republic and then an empire; Italy was conquered before Europe, parts of Africa and the Near and Middle East were incorporated into an empire that had around a quarter of the world's population under its governance Division of Western Rome. The Western Roman Empire was divided into ten parts by 351 to 476 AD where it is located on the Bible Timeline Poster with World History. This era in the history of the Roman Empire lasted for about 125 years, which was from the middle part of the 4th century and up to the last quarter of the 5th century

However, Rome managed to contain them as their warlike society often put them at odds with other Gallic tribes as much as they did with Rome. According to the Roman historian Livy, the Arverni, like their Aedui foes, were part of the great migration to Italy under Bellovesus in the 6th century BCE The German, Maximilian Hapsburg, gained control of Burgundian lands -- Burgundy, Lorraine, Alsace, and the modern Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. These were perhaps the richest lands in Europe, and when Maximilian became Holy Roman Emperor, he was able to make the position once again the dominant power in Germany The Roman revolts reduced Francia to the northern kingdoms of Austrasia and Neutrasia. Eudo, the Roman duke of Aquitane, who made the first mentioned alliance with the Arabs against the Franks [ 2], had temporarily occupied Paris itself in an attempt to keep the pro-Roman Merovingian Franks in power. It fell to Charles Martel, Pippin III, and. 41 Questions Show answers. Q. Silk production was an important industry in the Byzantine Empire. Q. In the Byzantine Empire, the emperor appointed the head of the church. Q. The Hippodrome was a large amphitheater where chariot races were held. Q. The official language of the Byzantine Empire was Latin

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In 1806 the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, and when the Congress of Vienna met in 1814-15, a major question was what to do with Central Europe. The solution was to consolidate the German states and to create the German Confederation, a conglomeration of 39 states, including Austria and Prussia Imperial Old Roman Catholicism is traditional Roman Catholicism historically affiliated with the See of Utrecht and the Holy Roman Empire. In the early 8th century, Charles the Hammer Martel, Duke of the Franks and grandfather of Charlemagne, was in the process of uniting the Frankish and Germanic tribes to stand against the Muslim forces. How Did the Fall of Rome Affect Europe? The fall of the Roman Empire plunged Europe into the Dark Ages and decentralized the region. The Imperial system in Rome was replaced with a loose-knit group of kings and princes throughout Europe. Some experts believe the fall of the Roman Empire was necessary to dismantle the old Roman slave system in.

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Roman Empire (27 BC - 476 AD) The Roman Empire was founded when Augustus Caesar proclaimed himself the first emperor of Rome in 31BC and came to an end with the fall of Constantinople in 1453CE. An empire is a political system in which a group of people are ruled by a single individual, an emperor or empress The Empire of Rome (The Largest Boundaries) At the height of its power after the conquest of the fall of the Grecian Empire, the Roman empire became a reality in 44 BC and lasted until 476 AD. The empire encompassed 2.5 million square miles spanning three continents: Asia, Africa and Europe The Fall of the Roman Empire. Constantine the Great, 306-337 C.E., divided the Roman Empire in two and made Christianity the dominant religion in the region. The invading army reached the outskirts of Rome, which had been left totally undefended. In 410 C.E., the Visigoths, led by Alaric, breached the walls of Rome and sacked the capital of the. Easy, The Byzantine Empire was direct continuation of The Roman Empire. There too many details to explain so, ill be brief Rome had the Great idea to divide itself into two Western Roman Empire(capital Rome) and The Eastern Roman Empire (capital C.. You have to go back further than the Middle Ages. When our species were mostly hunter gatherers it was usual for all to be equal as shown in the few hunter gatherer societies today. However when first farming and the urban life started things chan..

Bishops and abbots, serving the Pope, controlled much of the land and power in medieval land. Apart from towns and cities, run by guilds of craftsmen, and lands owned by local kings and noblemen, Church officials held much political as well as religious power in Europe. Why the Catholic Church Didn't Split Before the Reformatio In 475, various East Germanic tribes (Herulians, Rugians, and Scirians) were refused federated status by Roman emperor. Under the leadership of Odoacer, a former secretary of Attila, they deposed the last emperor and created the first Kingdom of Italy (476-493), bringing to an end the Western Roman Empire Overview: Anglo-Saxons, 410 to 800. By Professor Edward James Last updated 2011-02-1

What was the Holy Roman Empire? GotQuestions

Feudalism and serfdom began to emerge as the Roman Empire crumbled, leaving Western Europe to be ruled by a patchwork of small kingdoms established by Germanic warlords. In these chaotic times, a king could not hope to maintain strong centralized control over his entire kingdom; he was forced to delegate power to local nobles, and the feudal. The church in the west : The power of the church was promoted by an unlikely Germanic group known as the Franks. They controlled much of what is now France by the 5th century C.E. when their leader Clovis led his forces on a campaign that wiped out the remains of Roman authority a few years after Rome's fall in 476 After provoking the West European invasions by the Germanic tribes in the fourth century, Attila and the Huns, directly invaded the Roman Empire and conquered much of central and eastern Europe. In 451-452, Attila attempted an invasion of France and Italy, which were successfully defended by Roman and Germanic troops All of the above. Tags: Question 10. SURVEY. 45 seconds. Q. Bad emperors, division of the empire, moving of the capital from Rome to Byzantium, and senators vacationing for months=. answer choices. Political reasons Rome fell. Social reasons Rome fell

Kings vs. Popes - End of Feudalis

And, as we will see, feudalism itself grew out of this combination of Germanic custom and Roman law. The real impact of the Franks upon Western Europe dates from the year 481, when the Frankish king Clovis (465-511) assumed the throne. When he took power, Clovis was only 15 years old The Period of Kings Much of Rome's earliest history has been lost to time. According to ancient Roman historians, many great works of literature were destroyed along with much of the rest of the city during the sack of Rome by the Gauls in 390 B.C. Thankfully, a handful of historians — all born centuries later — wrote down their versions of the oral histories of the day, providing us. The religious density present in central Europe, 1618, before the Treaty of Westphalia. The Church and the imperial state were intertwined in a vivid way that would be unfamiliar to us now: the emperor often controlled who became pope in Rome, while only a pope could crown a Holy Roman Emperor Power was split between Rome and Constantinople. After Rome fell (in 476), it's spirit was determined to transform itself ten times, seven under the Catholic Church's influence. The three former entities of the Germanic tribes (the Ostrogoths, Vandals, and Heruli) embodied the Roman form of government, but they were Arian kings - not Catholic. The trek of the Germanic and Nordic tribes from the Middle East to North Europe. The oldest Nordic historians write that the Nordic and Germanic peoples trekked from the Middle East to North Europe under the leadership of a priest-chieftain Odin, a very mortal man. (More likely there were three Odins, all very mortal men.

How Far Did Ancient Rome Spread? - HISTOR

What Was the Role of a Medieval King? In medieval times, the role of the king was to own land, lead his country and people in times of war and set laws. A king was, essentially, the supreme ruler of his land. Medieval kings had systems of governance and control that were formed primarily with the help of other people within their societies 9 of the worst monarchs in history. From 'Bad King John' and the debauched Gaius Caligula to the useless Mary, Queen of Scots, historian Sean Lang rounds up nine of the worst kings and queens in history. History has no shortage of disastrous rulers; this list could easily have been filled with the Roman emperors alone

Ancient Rome - Facts, Location, & Timeline - HISTOR

Europe was ruled by Black People until 1789. During the Middle Ages Black peoples in Europe were called Blue men. There seem to be images of this period which show Bleu people. I know of a Renaissance crucifixion scene with a light blue Jesus. In the Renaissance we start seeing many, many images of blacks, called The Moor The Roman army lacked sufficient strength to defend themselves against various Germanic tribes. Rome finally fell in AD 476, when the Romano-German commander Odoacer (obviously an Ostrogoth), seized power, and named himself king of Italy. With the collapsed of the Western Roman Empire, Western Europe fell under the shadow of the Dark Age Some other examples of places which were ruled by kings are Greece in the Late Bronze Age, as described in Homers' Iliad, the Etruscan cities in northern Italy, including Rome between about 700 and 500 BC, China in the Warring States period, the Early Medieval kingdoms of Western Europe and Africa like the Visigoths, the Vandals, the Franks. The Germanic era, from 400-1000 AD, was a time of stability, and security due to limitations the law placed upon the mundwald and the legal ability of women to possess property. The system of compensations that the Germans initiated in an effort to stop the blood feuds between Germanic families, served as a deterrent to men that migh English Kings Strengthen Their Power which came from the Germanic tribes known as the Anglo-Saxons and eventually William (Duke of Normandy) of France claimed the throne William of Normandy (William the Conqueror) Conquers England at the Battle of Hastings, and eventually French nobles blended with Anglo-Saxon customs, languages, and tradition

The Fall of Rome: How, When, and Why Did It Happen

The Germanic group is English, Dutch, Flemish, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish and Icelandic. This linguistic division exactly reflects the influence of the Roman empire. Italy, France and the peninsula of Spain were sufficiently stable regions in the Roman world to retain the influence of Latin after the collapse of the empire Some seized the throne. Monarchs also got their military power from vassals and nobles. Question: How was the monarchy in England? Answer: In England, monarchs were quite powerful in the medieval period. After Rome fell, many groups from Europe like Vikings settled in England. By mid-11th century, a Germanic tribe known as the Saxons ruled England The death of Roman Emperor Theodosius I in 395 A.D. and the fall of Rome to the Visigoths in 410, however, spelled the beginning of the end for what had once been a unified West; the great Roman Empire and the peace it provided was no more. By 771, Charlemagne became ruler of a less vast but nonetheless impressive empire that stretched through. Throughout the 1700s they vied with each other to control northern and eastern Europe. The Hapsburgs began the period as emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, while the Hohenzollerns began as one of the seven electors of that Emperor (Elector of Brandenburg). By the time of Bismark in the 1870s the positions of relative strength were reversed In its early years, Rome was a small town ruled by kings. It later grew into a large, powerful, and long-lived state. The Roman Republic was founded in 509 bc and lasted for hundreds of years. In 27 bc the republic was replaced by the mighty Roman Empire, one of the most successful empires in history

Germania - Province of the Roman Empire UNRV

Crusader Kings II can see a player starting off at many points over its 700+ year timespan, on one end with a Europe still seeking to find solid ground after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Switzerland as Part of the German Empire. The carolingian dynasty could not keep together the empire for long, however. In 843 his grandsons split up the empire in three: western (France), central (Lorraine-Burgundy-Italy) and eastern (Germany). So Switzerland was split between Burgundy and Germany for a while Herein, what role did the church play in medieval Europe? During the high Middle Ages, the Roman Catholic Church became organized into an elaborate hierarchy with the pope as the head in western Europe.He establish supreme power. Many innovations took place in the creative arts during the high Middle Ages.Literacy was no longer merely requirement among the clergy The Empire. note . The Roman Empire succeeded The Roman Republic in the first century BC. The precise starting date is a subject for debate. It is generally thought to coincide with Octavian Caesar defeating Mark Antony at the Battle of Actium, in 31 BC, or otherwise when he declared himself Princeps in 27 B.C and was granted the honorific cognomen Augustus The German people called their Reich the Holy Roman Empire. It bore rule over Europe for a thousand years. This Holy Roman Empire of the German People was officially designated by the Church in the Middle Ages as The Kingdom of God on earth. Its citizens, the Germans, felt themselves true Romans and bearers of the Christian Reich or Kingdom

The Winter King or Western Europe 410-962 AD - The Winter King is a Dark Ages total conversion mod for CK2, featuring a new map focusing on western Europe (currently encompassing Britannia, Ireland, Gaul, Scandinavia, and parts of Germania); a large variety of new religions, especially pagan faiths; a dynamic de jure map that changes as various factions rise to and fall from power; and a mix. Rome is the great city that rules over the kings (kingdoms) of the earth. The great whore of Revelation 17 did not ride any of the seven prophetic heads (empires) mentioned in Daniel 2 (Babylon, Persia, Greece (four heads) and Rome before its split) nor the first three horns of the fourth beast of Daniel 7 The ten horns of Revelation 17 are also ten kings or kingdoms (v. 12). They give power to the final revival of the Holy Roman Empire and will be destroyed by Christ at His coming (v. 14), thus corresponding to the ten toes on the image described in Daniel 2. Now, look more closely at the history of the seven heads mentioned in Revelation 17 Medieval Europe gave the world the first universities, and medieval architects produced magnificent Gothic cathedrals. Fall of the Roman Empire. Even before the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476, life in Europe began to change. The Germanic peoples had long lived along the frontiers of the Roman Empire. In the 3rd century, during a period. The law declared that all free men in the Roman Empire were to be given full Roman citizenship and all free women in Empire were given the same rights as Roman women were. Before 212, only inhabitants of Italia, Romans living in provinces, and small numbers of local nobles (such as kings of client countries), held full Roman citizenship Not since the Roman Empire had this much of the continent been controlled by one ruler. Because of this (albeit fragile) unification, Charlemagne is sometimes called the father of Europe